Transportation

Road network

The road traffic system of Viet Nam is improving significantly in terms of both quantity and quality.

  • 22,783 km of national roads;
  • 27,176 km of provincial roads;
  • 57,294 km of district roads;
  • 173,294 km of commune roads;
  • 8,528 km of certain service roads.

The most important route is Highways No.1A with its length is 2,300 km. It runs across 31 provinces and cities of Vietnam, linking Hanoi, Danang, Hochiminh, and Cantho; and connects economic areas except for the Central Highland. Said road carries the largest volume of cargo and passengers compared to other roads.

Ho Chi Minh Highway is the second trans-national backbone road with the total length of 3,167 km. It plays an importance in the socio-economic of the country’s Western area.

The Asian Highways in Vietnam is being connect with the traffic system in the region and worldwide to enhance the economic integration.

Railway network

Total length: 2,600 km

Stations: 278

The single trach North-South railway: 1,726 km. Such route runs between Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, about 85% of the network’s passenger volume and 60% of its cargo volume was transported.

Two railways connect Vietnam to the People’s Republic of China: the western Yunnan–Vietnam Railway, from Haiphong to Kunming, and the eastern railway from Hanoi to Nanning.

There are currently no railway connections between Vietnam and Cambodia or Laos. As part of plans established by ASEAN, however, two new railways are under development: one branch connecting Ho Chi Minh City to Phnom Penh, Cambodia, and one connecting the North–South Railway to Thakhek in Laos.

Inland waterway

Total length: 42,000 km

Rivers: over 2360

The water way is a cheap, safe and economical transport system. It has the largest carrying capacity and is most suitable for carrying bulky goods over distances.

According to the master plan for the development of the inland waterway means of transport to 2020, orientation to 2030 by the Ministry of Transport, by the year 2020, the rate of cargo transport of the inland waterway transport will be 17.72%, passenger transport will be 4.1% of transport volume of the whole transport sector. The average growth rate of transport volume is 11.20% per year in cargo and 2.5% per year in passengers.

Sea ports

The coastline: 3,444 km

The territorial water: 1,278,000 sq km

160 ports and 305 berths, total length: 36,164 km.

Hai Phong Port is the largest seaport in the North of Vietnam by cargo volume which offers advanced facilities and complete and safe infrastructure suitable for multi-modal transportation and international trade.

Vung Tau Port is the largest seaport in the Southeast Vietnam, is a group of seaports, one of the sea transport hubs of Vietnam.Besides, Vietnam’s sea is located right on air and sea arterial routes connecting Pacific to Indian Ocean, and connecting Europe, and the Middle East to North East Asian countries. This busiest business area of Far East is on the way of 5 of 10 major global sea routes which annually transport 70% the amount of oil imported from Middle East and the South East Asia, and it is also on the way that 45% of imported/exported goods of Japan’s, and 60% of those of China’s are being transported through.

Airports

37 civil airports

3 international airports: Noi Bai International Airport (HAN), Tan Son Nhat International Airport (SGN) and Da Nang International Airport (DAD) located in Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City and Da Nang respectively.

Vietnam Airlines is the national flag carrier of Vietnam and the major carrier in the Mekong sub-region, operating 90 routes to 20 domestic and 29 international destinations with an average of 400 flights per day, connecting the world’s major cities to mesmerizing travel destinations in Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and Myanmar.